δ13C Characteristics of Soil Organic Carbon in Hilly Karst Area
Qiang Li1,2, Zhongyi Li3, Jianhong Liang1, Yuanyuan He1, Jianhua Cao1, Qingjing Hu1,4
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1Karst Dynamics Laboratory, MLR & Guangxi, Institute of Karst Geology,
CAGS, Guilin 541004, P.R. China
2School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, P.R. China
3Agricultural Resource and Environmental Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of agricultural Sciences,
Nanning 530007, P.R. China
4Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, P.R. China
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2014;23(6):2345-2349
To understand the effects of geomorphology and environment on the 13C character of soil organic carbon (SOC) in a hilly karst area, 26 soil samples were collected in 2008 in Nanchuan, Chongqing, SW China. The results showed that the δ13C-SOC values were between -18.66‰~-27.41‰, with the mean value of -23.3‰. The data firmly indicated that the modern soil organic carbon was the mixture of C3 and C4 plants and mainly originated from C3 plants rather than C4 plants. According to the sequence of δ13C-SOC along the geomorphological change at this hilly karst area, it can be seen that the δ13C-SOC values was the crest > brae > foot. Based on the results of correlation analysis, the positive correlation between the δ13C-SOC values and their altitude is 0.432 (p=0.028), which reflects the land/soil degradation effects caused by the hilly geomorphology, especially in the water and soil erosion process.
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