Analysis of Driving Forces of Energy Consumption in Rural Areas of China’s Henan Province Based on the STIRPAT Model and Ridge Regression
Chunzheng Tian 1  
,   Peng Li 1  
,   Hengyang Shao 2  
,   Meng Li 1  
,   Yongle Zheng 1  
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State Grid Henan Economic Research Institute, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China
Department of Economics and Management, North China Electric Power University, Baoding, Hebei, China
Hengyang Shao   

Department of Economics and Management, North China Electric Power University, Baoding071003, Hebei, China., China
Submission date: 2018-12-17
Final revision date: 2019-03-04
Acceptance date: 2019-05-08
Online publication date: 2019-10-28
Publication date: 2020-01-16
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2020;29(2):1391–1398
The main objective of this paper was to analyze the status quo of energy consumption in rural Henan and identify the driving forces governing energy consumption based on the STIRPAT model. Potential driven factors of energy consumption including power of agricultural machinery, effective irrigated area, investment, income, total value, and per capital living space were selected to build the extended stochastic impacts by regression on population, affluence, and technology (STIRPAT) model, where ridge regression was applied to eliminate multicollinearity. The estimation results show that all the factors are positively related to rural energy consumption in Henan. The effective irrigated area is the maximal driven factor of energy consumption in rural Henan. Per capital living space, peasant household investment, power of agricultural machinery, total value of agricultural output, and per capita income all contribute to rural energy consumption growth in Henan. Finally, we propose policies that can be applied to mitigate future energy consumption in rural Henan.