ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Application of Economic Analysis of Air Pollution Reduction Measures
 
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1
Faculty of Economics, University of Montenegro, Jovana Tomaševića 37, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro
2
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Montenegro, Bulevar Džordža Vašingtona bb, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Miloš Žarković   

Faculty of Economics, University of Montenegro, Jovana Tomasevica 37, 81000, Podgorica, Montenegro
Submission date: 2020-02-28
Acceptance date: 2020-05-10
Online publication date: 2020-09-07
 
 
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ABSTRACT
This paper presents the economic analysis of air pollution reduction measures in Montenegro. After a brief analysis of the current situation in Montenegro and completed cost estimation of the implementation of these measures, the Low Cost Analysis has been used to determine their cost effectiveness levels. As Low Cost Analysis cannot provide a complete answer on individual eligibility, Cost-Benefit Analysis has been taken into account for calculation of economic performance indicators. Analysis results indicate that the construction of a flue desulphurization system in Thermal Power Plant Pljevlja significantly reduces SO2 emissions. Increasing alternative fuels use, new generations of vehicles and electro mobility in transport measure is only one of the benefits to reduce gas emissions. Similar situation is with the replacement of heating appliances and energy efficiency measures in individual residential buildings, which primarily contributes to energy efficiency. Construction of longdistance heating system measure shows excellent economic results. Prohibition of harvest residues and agricultural waste ignition measure adds to suspended particles PM2.5 emission reduction, cost and benefit ratio is very favorable. It is expected that these measures implementation will certainly contribute to the reduction of pollutant emissions into the air.
eISSN:2083-5906
ISSN:1230-1485