ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Bacteriological and Parasitological Pollution of the Natural Environment in the Vicinity of a Pig Farm
L. Tymczyna, A. Chmielowiec-Korzeniowska, L. Saba
 
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Department of Animal and Environmental Hygiene University of Agriculture,
Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
 
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2000;9(3):209–214
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ABSTRACT
The objective of this research was to evaluate bacteriological and parasitological pollution levels of soil, groundwater, surface water and river sediment in the vicinity of a pig farm.
The microbiological examinations of soil and water environment within the pig farm area and around it showed considerable pollution with animal droppings and municipal sewage coming from a breeding farm and farm buildings. This was confirmed by the results of examinations based on isolation of bacteria that make intestinal natural microflora: Escherichia coli, Clostridium perfringens and enterococcus. In the soil environment there were also determined bacteria Salmonella sp., Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas sp., Proteus sp., Klebsiella sp., Micrococcus sp., Enter obacter aerogenes, Citrobacter sp.y and Corynebacterium sp., as well as fungi of Candida genus. The soil within the farm and around it was infected with eggs and larvae of worms of Strongylidae and Trichostrongylidae genus, eggs of nematodes of Trichuris genus, Ascaris suum eggs and oocysts of Eimeria genus. Despite a systematic animal disinfestation at the yard for gilts and boars there still occurred great quantities of parasites.
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ISSN:1230-1485