Biomonitoring Air Pollution Using Moss in Georgia
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I. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
I. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, E. Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, Tbilisi, Georgia
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow Region, Russian Federation
Geophysical Observatory Borok, Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yaroslavl Region, Russian Federation
Online publish date: 2018-04-15
Publish date: 2018-05-30
Submission date: 2017-03-23
Final revision date: 2017-05-15
Acceptance date: 2017-05-15
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2018;27(5):2259–2266
The results of atmospheric deposition of trace elements in a 2015 moss survey in Georgia are reported. The 36 moss samples were collected in different regions of the Caucasus in compliance with the UNECE ICP Vegetation guidelines. Elemental determination was carried out by epithermal neutron activation analysis (ENAA). For the first time, 47 elements were determined for the sampled areas. The scanning electron microscopy with x-ray energy-dispersive analysis was applied to examine the origin of atmospheric particles accumulated by mosses. Microanalysis of moss samples collected in the highlands of Georgia showed the presence of clastic, anthropogenic, and cosmic dust particles. Comparison of the determined values with corresponding data from a pristine area of Norway was carried out. Multivariate statistical analysis of the results obtained was used to identify and characterize pollution sources in the sampled areas of Georgia. Elevated levels of heavy metals were revealed in Western Georgia, where many industrial mining enterprises and high-traffic roads are located.
Marina Vladimirovna Frontasyeva   
De[artment of Neutron Avtivation Analysis and Applied Research, Joint Institute for Nuclear ResearchDubna, Russia, str. Joliot-Curie, 6, 141980 Dubna, Russia