Changes of Extracellular Polymeric Substance (EPS) during Microcystis Aeruginosa Blooms at Different Levels of Nutrients in a Eutrophic Microcosmic Simulation Device
Qi Wang 1, 2  
,   Wenjing Pang 1  
,   Yingdan Mao 3  
,   Shujie Ge 1,   Hengguo Yu 2  
,   Chuanjun Dai 1, 2  
,   Min Zhao 1, 2  
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College of Life and Environmental Science, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, China
Key Laboratory for Subtropical Ocean and Lake Environments and Biological Resources Utilization Technology of Zhejiang, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, China
Zhejiang Blue in Environmental Technology Co., Ltd., Wenzhou, China
Qi Wang   

Wenzhou University, China
Submission date: 2018-11-01
Final revision date: 2018-12-22
Acceptance date: 2018-12-27
Online publication date: 2019-08-06
Publication date: 2019-10-23
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2020;29(1):349–360
The outbreak of cyanobacterial blooms in water can cause serious harm to water supply safety and human health, which has become one of the major water environmental problems in the present world. In this paper, the representative Microcystis aeruginosa blooms were studied by the eutrophic microcosmic simulation device between natural lake system and test in laboratory scale. Toxic Microcystis aeruginosa FACHB-905 and non-toxic Microcystis aeruginosa FACHB-469 were used to simulate algal blooms in different nutrient conditions. The study of stratified EPS extracted from different vegetative and growth stages of Microcystis aeruginosa showed that high nutritional conditions can induce Microcystis aeruginosa to produce more extracellular polysaccharides, while low nutrient conditions can affect the fluorescence components in the SL-EPS (Soluble EPS) of Microcystis aeruginosa. Furthermore, the proteins in TB-EPS (Tightly bound EPS) will gradually release to SL-EPS and LB-EPS (loosely bound EPS) during the bloom, which can decrease from 34% in the initial growth period to 20%. The tryptophan-like substances in SL-EPS and TB-EPS, and the humic-acid-like substances in SL-EPS have a significant impact on the Microcystis aeruginosa blooms. Finally, all these results are expected to be of use in the study of the algal blooming outbreak early warning and control problems.