Chemical Composition and Insecticidal Activities of Essential Oils of Myrtaceae against Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)
Saima Siddique1, Zahida Parveen3, Firdaus-e-Bareen2, Abida Butt4, Muhammad Nawaz Chaudhary1, Muhammad Akram5
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1College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of the Punjab, 54890-Lahore, Pakistan
2Department of Botany, University of Punjab, Lahore-54890, Pakistan
3Applied Chemistry Research Centre, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Lahore-54600, Pakistan
4Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, 54890-Lahore, Pakistan
5Medicinal Botanic Centre, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Peshawar-25000, Pakistan
Submission date: 2017-04-22
Final revision date: 2017-05-15
Acceptance date: 2017-05-15
Online publication date: 2017-07-12
Publication date: 2017-07-25
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2017;26(4):1653–1662
The present study was designed to determine chemical composition of essential oils extracted from different species of the Myrtaceae family and to evaluate their insecticidal activities against Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). The essential oils of 10 species were extracted by hydrodistillation and analyzed by a gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The main component of Eucalyptus crebra, E. microtheca, E. rudis and Melaleuca quinquenervia essential oils was 1,8-cineole (31.6-49.7%). E. melanophloia and E. tereticornis contained p-cymene (41.8-58.1%) as a major component, while Eucalyptus kitsoniana and E. pruinosa essential oils were dominated by α-pinene (25.8-31.4%). Eugenol methyl ether was identified as a major component in M. bracteata essential oil (82.3%). α-Pinene (31.4%) was the main component in the C. viminalis essential oil. Essential oils of all selected plant species showed good insecticidal activities against T. castaneum when compared with pyrethroid as a positive control. Eucalyptus rudis proved most potent against T. castaneum, followed by M. bracteata, M. quinquenervia, and C. viminalis. The results of this study indicate that essential oil of Myrtaceae leaves have potential to be used in the control of T. castaneum.