Enhancing Nitrogen Removal Performance in a Bioreactor Using Immobilized Anaerobic Ammonium Oxidation Sludge by Polyvinyl Alcohol-Sodium Alginate (PVA-SA)
Yifeng Lu1, Lijuan Ma2, Yun Liang1, 3, Bei Shan4, Junjun Chang1
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1School of Ecology and Environmental Sciences & Yunnan Key Laboratory for Plateau Mountain Ecology
and Restoration of Degraded Environments, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, Yunnan, China
2Yunnan Bossco Enviroment Protecting Technology Co. Ltd, Kunming 650000, Yunnan, China
3Institute of International Rivers and Eco-security, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China
4Kunming Institute of Landscape Science, Kunming 650224, China
Submission date: 2017-04-01
Final revision date: 2017-07-05
Acceptance date: 2017-07-11
Online publication date: 2018-01-10
Publication date: 2018-01-26
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2018;27(2):773–778
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) is an efficient and promising pathway for nitrogen removal from wastewater, but its application is usually confined by the low growth rate and susceptibility to surroundings of anammox bacteria. In this study, cultured anammox sludge was immobilized using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-sodium alginate (SA) gel and put into a lab-scale column reactor at a packing ratio of 20%, and nitrogen removal performance was evaluated at two hydraulic retention times (HRTs). Anammox was rapidly initiated in the reactor, with ammonium and nitrite removal efficiency reaching 82.3% and 84.7% after an operation period of 10 d. Nitrogen removal efficiency declined greatly after the reduction of HRT from 24 h to 12 h, but then recovered quickly, with an average TN removal rate of 84.5% and 0.43 kg·m-3·d-1 achieved under the steady operational state. The immobilized anammox reactor performed significantly better and was more stable in nitrogen removal than that with anammox sludge inoculated directly, indicating the superiority of cell entrapment of anammox biomass in addition to its easy reservation. Nitrogen removal in the reactor increased after stable operation with the HRT. It has potential to apply immobilized anammox sludge entrapped by PVA-SA gel for the convenient establishment of an anammox reactor with stable and high nitrogen removal rates.