Evaluation of the Comprehensive Ecotourism Suitability and Recognition of Its Key Landscape Pattern Factors (Case Study of Henan Province, China)
Junyuan Zhao 1  
,   Shengjie Wang 2  
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School of Business Xinyang College, West section of Xinqi Avenue, Shihe District, Xinyang City, China
College of Geography and Environment Science, Northwest Normal University, No. 967, Anning East Road, Lanzhou 730070, China
Shengjie Wang   

Northwest Normal University, China
Submission date: 2020-09-29
Final revision date: 2020-11-25
Acceptance date: 2020-11-27
Online publication date: 2021-04-12
This paper evaluates the ecotourism suitability of Henan province based on the ecotourism suitability evaluation system. And our research clarifies the spatial distribution of the ecotourism suitability in Henan province, China, explores the internal relations between landscape pattern and ecotourism suitability, and provides a scientific basis for the future sustainable development of ecotourism in Henan from an ecological perspective. The results show the following: 1) the ecotourism suitability is obvious differences between the eastern and western regions in Henan, with the indexes of ecotourism suitability in the western and southern regions being higher than those in other regions. The ecotourism suitability shows a trend of first increasing and then decreasing in Henan, with the highest value in 2007; 2) the Pearson correlation analysis shows that the key landscape pattern factors, including landscape patch area, shape, number, type, and spatial configuration, have an important impact on ecotourism suitability and show significant time differences.