Exploring Carbon Neutrality in Power Industry Based on Electric Carbon Productivity: a Multi-Dimensional Decomposition from the Perspective of Production and Consumption
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School of Economics and Management, North China Electric Power University, Baoding 071003, China
Division of Development, Gansu Electric Power Corporation, State Grid (Research Institute of Economy and Technology), Lanzhou 730050, China
School of Electrical Engineering and Information Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Baoding 071003, China
Peiyan Li   

North China Electricity Power University, China
Submission date: 2021-08-30
Final revision date: 2021-10-25
Acceptance date: 2021-11-06
Online publication date: 2022-02-24
Publication date: 2022-04-06
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2022;31(3):2167–2181
Achieving carbon-neutrality 2060 target is a solemn commitment made by China to the world. In the process of advancing carbon neutrality goals, power industry is an important starting point for addressing climate change. This study employs China’s electric carbon productivity (ECP) to efficiently integrate economy and environment to explore carbon neutrality in power industry. Based on the electricity, economy, and population-related data of 30 provinces and municipalities in China from 2007 to 2017, the LMDI method is used to decompose ECP on the power production and consumption side, while considering regional and industrial dimensions. Furthermore, it is divided into six drivers respectively. The results show that: 1) From the production perspective, the regional ECP and reciprocal of standard coal consumption for power supply are the dominating drivers to improve China’s ECP. 2) From the consumption perspective, the per capita GDP and reciprocal of provincial industrial electricity consumption intensity are primary drivers in the rise of ECP. 3) The regional decomposition indicates that electricity utilization efficiency and economic development mode are the main reasons why Xinjiang’s ECP level is lower than that of Guangdong and Jiangsu. Finally, some conclusions that may be helpful to the government and enterprises are drawn.