Identification and Assessment of Logistical Factors to Evaluate a Green Supplier Using the Fuzzy Logic DEMATEL Method
Reza Kiani Mavi, Sajad Kazemi, Ali Fallahian Najafabadi, Hosein Bemani Mousaabadi
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Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting,
Islamic Azad University (IAU) – Qazvin branch, Qazvin, Iran
Daneshgah Street, Qazvin, P.O. Box: 34185-1416, Iran
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2013;22(2):445–455
Increasing pressures and stringent environmental regulations and increased public awareness against environmental impacts in developing countries have caused companies to try increasing environmental sustainability activities and forced them to choose suitable suppliers to reduce environmental risks in supply chain management. Many management practices that contribute to improving a firm’s environmental performance are developed in the area of logistics. According to high impacts of logistics management, the aim of this paper is using the fuzzy DEMATEL method to examine the influential logistical criteria of green supply chains, because the nature of supplier selection in green supply chains is a complex multi-criteria problem. Logistics factors in GSCM are categorized in 5 main criteria as: procurement logistics, production logistics, distribution logistics, disposal logistics, and reverse logistics.
Results show that environmentally friendly packaging (a distribution logistic factor) is more influential than other factors.