ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Non-Dioxin-Like PCBs – the Key Air Pollutant Associated with Lung Cancer in 15 Cities in Silesia
Mark Parascandola 2  
,  
Agata Piekut 3  
,  
Anna Spychała 3  
,  
Grzegorz Dziubanek 1  
,  
Ilona Hajok 3  
,  
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Environmental Health Risk Factors, School of Public Health in Bytom, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Bytom, Poland
2
Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
3
Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health in Bytom, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Bytom, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Małgorzata Ćwieląg-Drabek   

Department of Environmental Health Risk Factors, School of Public Health in Bytom, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Piekarska 18, 41-902 Bytom, Poland., Poland
Online publish date: 2019-10-24
Submission date: 2018-10-10
Final revision date: 2019-01-02
Acceptance date: 2019-01-12
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
We investigated the relationship between atmospheric pollutants and lung cancer incidence in Silesia. The key aim was to answer the question whether differences in lung cancer incidence across cities in Silesia can be explained in part by differences in air pollution exposure, and which carcinogenic pollutants are the most important risk factors. We used data from the National Health Fund to measure lung cancer incidence in each city. Measurements of PM10 and specific pollutants, including B[a]P, Cd, and PCBs, were taken from monitoring stations and a regional study. The linear regression model was used to investigate the relationship between individual pollutants and the incidence rate of lung cancer. Multivariate regression analysis was also carried out to assess the combined effect of pollutants on lung cancer incidence. In the multivariate model, exposure to ndl-PCBs appears to be the most significant predictor of lung cancer incidence (among women) when controlling the mixture of pollutants. The results of our study suggest that while overall pollution levels in Silesia have decreased, substantial disparities remain in pollution exposure and in lung cancer incidence. It is important to note that, for Silesia, the sources of ndl-PCBs tend to be associated with specific domestic or small-scale activities, such as burning plastic waste.
eISSN:2083-5906
ISSN:1230-1485