Optimizing Three Kinds of Coagulants Using Plackett-Burman and Response Surface Methodology for Phosphorus Removal from Domestic Sewage
Longhui Wang 1,2,3
Lian Jiang 1,2,3
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Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, P.R. China
Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, P.R. China
Mianyang Normal University, Mianyang, P.R. China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, P.R. China
Submission date: 2017-10-16
Final revision date: 2017-12-20
Acceptance date: 2018-02-10
Online publication date: 2018-09-10
Publication date: 2018-12-20
Corresponding author
Zhouliang Tan   

Chengdu Institute of biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.9, 4th Block, People's South Street, 610041 Chengdu, China
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2019;28(2):877–885
This study compounds three types of coagulants (AlCl3, FeCl3, Fe2(SO4)3) with promising effects on TP removal of domestic sewage. The optimum conditions for TP removal using1compounded coagulants are determined by Plackett-Burman (P-B) design, steepest ascent, and Box-Behnken design. The adequacy of the quadratic regression model is evaluated by analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results show that initial pH, AlCl3, and Fe2(SO4)3 are the significant factors for TP removal. F-test, P-value (Prob>F), coefficients R2, coefficient of variation, and adequate precision analysis demonstrated the goodness of fit for the regression model. The optimized conditions for TP removal determined by the response surface methodology are initial pH 5.2, AlCl3 45 mg/L, and Fe2(SO4)3 51 mg/L, respectively. The experimental TP removal efficiency (82.89%) agrees with the predicted response value (81.99%), thereby validating the feasibility of the model. Compared to single coagulants (AlCl3, FeCl3, Fe2(SO4)3), the compounded coagulants demonstrate 3.29%, 7.59%, and 15.19% higher for TP removal; and 10.1%, 3.0%, and 10.3% higher for CODCr removal. In addition, the compounded coagulants also alleviate the potential hazards to human health due to the dosage decrease of aluminium salt coagulants.