Potential of Gibberellic Acid (GA3) and Uniconazole for Enhancing the Cd Absorption Efficiency of Maize (Zea mays L.)
Kaining Sun 1  
,   Yaoquan Yue 2  
,   Haoran Zhang 2  
,   Ning Yang 1  
,   Dan Wen 1  
,   Xuhua Li 3  
,   Ning Chen 2  
,   Yanjie Yang 2  
,   Kean Wang 1  
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Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shandong Branch of National Improvement Center for Vegetables, Huang-Huai-Hai Region Scientific Observation and Experimental Station of Vegetables, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Shandong Key Laboratory of Greenhouse Vegetable Biology, Jinan, Shandong, 250100, People’s Republic of China
College of Horticulture, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao, Shandong, 266109, People’s Republic of China
National Engineering Laboratory for Efficient Utilization of Soil and Fertilizer Resources, College of Resources and Environment, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’ an, Shandong, 271018, People’s Republic of China
Kean Wang   

Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 1Shandong Key Laboratory of Greenhouse Vegetable B, 250100, Jinan, China
Submission date: 2020-03-27
Final revision date: 2020-06-08
Acceptance date: 2020-06-12
Online publication date: 2020-09-18
Publication date: 2020-11-10
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2021;30(1):851–861
In this study, gibberellic acid 3 (GA3) and uniconazole were applied as the means of improving of cadmium (Cd) polluted site phytoremediation using maize (Zea mays L.). The results showed that GA3 (40 mg/L), and uniconazole (800 mg/L) could increase the biomass, plant height, stem diameter, leaf area, and root parameters of maize plants under Cd stress (0.4 mg/L) by foliar spraying. GA3 (40 mg/L) could increase the SPAD value of maize leaves by 23.45% and the net photosynthetic rate by 645.93%. Both plant regulators could alleviate the oxidative damage of maize and increase the activity of SOD and POD up to 11.44~58.41% and 35.00~99.55%, respectively. The content of MDA and H2O2 could be reduced by GA3 to 31.91% and 24.77%, respectively. GA3 at 40 mg/L could significantly increase the accumulation of Cd ions in the shoots, roots and whole plants of maize by 222.01%, 603.13% and 341.70%, respectively, showing the best effect among tested treatments. It was found that the application of plant growth regulators (PGRs) could increase the biomass and Cd concentration in maize organs, ultimately achieving the purpose of improving the remediation efficiency of Cd by increasing the absolute content of Cd in maize biomass.