Profile of Fusarium Mycotoxins in Various Maize (Zea mays L.) Hybrids
Piotr Szulc1, Jan Bocianowski2, Andrzej Kruczek1, Agnieszka Waśkiewicz3, Monika Beszterda3, Piotr Goliński3
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1Department of Agronomy, Poznań University of Life Sciences,
Dojazd 11, 60-623 Poznań, Poland
2Department of Mathematical and Statistical Methods, Poznań University of Life Sciences,
Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637 Poznań, Poland
3Department of Chemistry, Poznań University of Life Sciences,
Wojska Polskiego 75, 60-625 Poznań, Poland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2015;24(2):707-715
Fungal development in fodder substrates including maize has noxious effects: changes in technological properties, reduction of nutritive value, the development of mycosis and allergy agents, and the biosynthesis of refuse factors and zootoxic compounds called mycotoxins. The aim of this study was to evaluate the variation in concentrations of major Fusarium toxins along with the analysis of ergosterol in the grains of 16 maize cultivars of flint type (F), dent type (D), and combined flint/dent (F/D) and dent/flint type (D/F), respectively. The results showed that type of maize grain was a factor in determining the level of concentration of fumonisins (B1, B2, B3), zearalenone, and moniliformin. However, there was no difference among grain type due to deoxynivalenol and ergosterol.
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