Sites of Leachate Inflows on Coalmine Heaps as Refuges of Rare Mountainous Species
Damian Chmura1, Tadeusz Molenda2, Agnieszka Błońska3, Gabriela Woźniak3
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1Institute of Engineering and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Materials and Environmental Sciences,
University of Bielsko-Biała, Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biała, Poland
2Chair of Physical Geography, University of Silesia, Będzińska 60, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
3Geobotany and Nature Protection Department, University of Silesia,
Jagiellońska 28, 40-032 Katowice, Poland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2011;20(3):551–557
In the Silesian Upland (southern Poland), stands of rare mountainous plant species, i.e. Doronicum austriacum, Equisetum telmateia, and Veratrum lobelianum, were recorded close to the River Jamna and the coal mine waste tip Halemba. The species grew in two sites: semi-natural and anthropogenic ones. Soils in the anthropogenic site are more acid, with higher contents of Mg, K, Ca, and Na, but soils of the semi-natural site are richer in P. Vegetation varied in composition of accompanying species between two sites, and the distance to water differentiates the abundance of the focal species. The results demonstrate that artifical springs may creates favorable conditions for rare species.