Soil Water Characteristic Curve Test of Waste under Different Compaction Densities and Analysis of the Multi-Factors that Affect the Instability of Landfill Slopes
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State Key Laboratory of Eco-hydraulics in Northwest Arid Region, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710048, China
Junrui Chai   

Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
Submission date: 2021-04-13
Final revision date: 2021-09-18
Acceptance date: 2021-09-27
Online publication date: 2022-01-18
Publication date: 2022-03-22
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2022;31(2):1601–1615
The soil water characteristic curves (SWCC) of municipal solid waste (MSW) samples with different compaction densities from the Jiangcungou landfill in Xi’an are tested in a laboratory. In addition, the Jiangcungou landfill was used to analyze the effect of different slope ratios, rainfall amounts and patterns, compaction degrees, and the leachate drainage system on stability of the landfill based on the saturated-unsaturated seepage theory and the Morgenstern-Price method. The results are summarized as follows. First, the SWCC of MSW samples with different compaction densities and the same components gradually converged with an increase in matric suction, and it nearly converged to one point when the matric suction was approximately 104 kPa. The volumetric water content of the converge point was the greatest in the deep layer, followed by the middle and shallow layers. Second, for the MSW samples with the same compositions, in the range of dry densities tested, MSW samples with a large compaction density tended to have a small α, a saturated water content of θs and nv, and little differences in the residual water content, θr. Third, for the compaction, drainage system, slope, and rainfall, the value of R (i.e., range) was 0.49, 0.22, 0.19, and 0.12, respectively, in the orthogonal test. Thus, the order of impact on the landfill is as follows: the compaction, drainage system, slope, and rainfall intensity.