Spatial-Temporal Characteristics and Factors of Agricultural Carbon Emissions in the Belt and Road Region of China
Ying Zhou 1  
,   Tong Wang 1  
,   Rongcun Peng 1  
,   Huimin Hu 1  
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College of Architecture and Urban Rural Planning, Sichuan Agricultural University, Sichuan 611830, China
Ying Zhou   

College of Architecture and Urban-Rural Planning, Sichuan Agricultural University, Sichuan, China
Submission date: 2020-05-20
Final revision date: 2020-08-30
Acceptance date: 2020-09-09
Online publication date: 2021-01-27
Publication date: 2021-03-08
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2021;30(3):2445–2457
The implementation of the “Belt and Road” strategy not only promotes the coordinated development of China’s regional economy but also generates a large amount of greenhouse gas emissions. The research and policy recommendations on agricultural carbon emissions are of great significance for China toward engendering sustainable agricultural development and appreciably contributing to the alleviation of global climate change. In this paper, agricultural carbon emissions in the Belt and Road region of China from 2003–2018 are calculated, and its spatial-temporal characteristics are analyzed. Then, we modified the logarithmic mean Divisia index model from the original four factors to six to analyze the drivers of agricultural carbon emissions. The research results obtained are as follows: (1) Total carbon emission reached a peak of 26.6326 million tons in 2016, representing a 54.53% increase from the 17.2342 million tons in 2003. Moreover, it indicated a downward trend in 2017 and dropped by approximately 4% to 25.5685 million tons in 2018. (2) Spatially, agricultural carbon emission varies greatly, with the highest value recorded in Heilongjiang and the lowest in Tibet, thereby exhibiting the characteristics of "northwest>northeast>southwest>southeast." (3) Overall, the economic factor was the most important driving factor, whereas the subsidy factor was the strongest inhibiting factor for the growth of agricultural carbon emissions. Notably, the foreign trade factor had both promoting and inhibiting effects on it.