Super Large-Scale Filtered Tailing Disposal on Coal-Mining Subsidence Land
De-ming Zhang1, Shuai Li1, Xin-min Wang1, Yan He1,2
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1School of Resources and Safety Engineering, Central South University,
Changsha 410083, P.R. China
2Jiangxi Science and Technology Research Center for Work Safety,
Nanchang 330030, P.R. China
Online publish date: 2017-06-19
Publish date: 2017-07-25
Submission date: 2016-12-31
Final revision date: 2017-01-29
Acceptance date: 2017-02-08
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2017;26(4):1855–1863
This paper evaluates the feasibility and stability of the construction of a super-large-scale filtered tailings storage facility on coal-mining subsidence land. Properties of the coal gangue were analyzed by laboratory tests and change laws of the land subsidence were observed in the field. Comparisons of slope stability between the super large-scale filtered tailings storage facility and conventional tailings impoundment in normal, flooded, sustained rainfall, and strong earthquake conditions were conducted using Slide software. The results show that the filtered tailings storage facility has less chance of failure, lower seepage probability, and smaller impact scope than conventional tailings impoundment. With little free water in filtered tailings, the average slope safety factors of filtered tailings storage are as high as 1.78 in normal, 1.73 in flood, 1.18 in sustained rainfall, and 1.11 in a magnitude-8.0 earthquake. As an environmentally friendly, costeffective chain-cutting disaster mitigation measure, filtered tailings disposal shows great advantages in reducing tailing emissions, dam construction scale, and operational costs, improving water conservation, dam stability, and service life.