The Effects of Lead and Cadmium Pollution on Functional and Morphological Development of Middle School Students from Jastrzębie-Zdrój and Katowice
Władysław Mynarski1, Michał Rozpara2, Daniel Puciato3, Jerzy Eider4
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1Chair of Tourism and Recreation, Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice,
Mikołowska 72a, 40-065 Katowice, Poland
2Chair of Active Forms of Tourism and Recreation, Opole University of Technology,
Prószkowska 76, 45-758 Opole, Poland
3Chair of Geography and Economics of Tourism, Opole University of Technology,
Prószkowska 76, 45-758 Opole, Poland
4Faculty of Physical Education and Health Promotion, University of Szczecin,
Piastów 40b, 71-065 Szczecin, Poland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2011;20(4):1001–1007
Based on the 1999-2006 annual reports of the Regional Environmental Monitoring System, differences in somatic and functional traits were evaluated among middle school students residing in cities with different levels of cadmium and lead air pollution. The sample consisted of 240 girls and 276 boys from Jastrzębie- Zdrój and Katowice aged 13 to 15 years. Place of residence and gender were independent variables, whereas dependent variables included morphological, muscular-motor, and cardiorespiratory components of healthrelated physical fitness (H-RF). Intergroup differences (between adolescents from Jastrzębie-Zdrój and Katowice) were assessed using Student’s t-test for independent samples, separately for boys and girls. The results indicate that functional traits, in particular VO2max and motor coordination, are more sensitive to negative effects of environmental factors than anthropometric characteristics.