The Role of Local Association of Communes in Environmental Management Systems: Selected Case Studies in the Wielkopolska Region
Marta Kubacka
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Departament of Integrated Geography, Institute of Physical Geography and Environmental Planning,
Adam Mickiewicz University, Dzięgielowa 27, 61-680 Poznań, Poland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2012;21(5):1287–1293
This paper discusses the importance of integrated local planning for establishing a system of protected areas. There is a growing literature that explicitly focuses on studies that reveal the existence of an extremely rich variety of systems of management of common-pool resources. In relation to natural resources, the term management can be understood as the “right to regulate internal use patterns and transform the resource by making improvement.” Partnerships between local communes are vital in the quest for integrated sustainable development and conservation. Since 2004, when Poland acquired the status of a European Union Member State, local authorities in Poland have shown an increased interest in voluntary environmental commitments in order to decrease the negative environmental impacts caused by their organizations and activities, and to further the process of sustainable development. Good governance is a prerequisite for effective management, and is fundamental to securing the political and community support essentials to the development – indeed the survival – of the global protected area system. Without support from management of the local communes, it is difficult to integrate environmental issues into landscapes parks and other protected areas. Activities of associations of communes and other environmental organizations aim at reaching a compromise between competitive interests of the economy and the needs of ecosystems, which is important from the point of view of eliminating potential human being-environment conflicts.