Analytical Methods for the Detection of Osmium Tetroxide: A Review
Ľubomír Švorc1, Peter Tomčík1, 2, Jaroslav Durdiak2, Miroslav Rievaj1, Dušan Bustin1
More details
Hide details
1Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Slovak University of Technology,
Radlinského 9, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Education, Catholic University in Ružomberok,
Hrabovská cesta 1, 034 01 Ružomberok, Slovak Republic
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2012;21(1):7–13
A strong oxidizer, osmium tetroxide (OsO4) is a highly toxic and irritative species. Its volatility enhances the risk of intoxication by inhalation in areas with poor ventilation. Osmium tetroxide attacks mainly skin, mucous membranes, nose, and eyes at very low concentrations. These are the main reasons why osmium tetroxide may be abused as a chemical weapon in public areas with limited air circulation (airports, shopping centres). Therefore, stringent monitoring is needed. Analytical methodologies, approaches, and strategies for the detection of osmium tetroxide are comprehensively surveyed in the proposed work.