Centipede (Chilopoda) Diversity in Forest Habitats of Ojców National Park
Małgorzata Leśniewska1, Andrej Mock2, Grzegorz Kania3
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1Department of General Zoology, Adam Mickiewicz University,
Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Poland
2Institute of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Sciences, P. J. Safarik University,
Moyzesova 11, 041-61 Košice, Slovakia
3Medical University of Lublin, Radziwiłłowska 11, 20-080 Lublin, Poland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2011;20(3):581–590
Centipedes (Chilopoda) of Ojców National Park [ONP] were the subject of research conducted by Jadwiga Kaczmarek in the 1950s. Using qualitative and quantitative methods in the same area during the period between 2002 and 2004, we collected nearly 900 specimens of Chilopoda. Twenty-two species of centipedes were reported, including three species new to the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland. Currently, 29 species of Chilopoda are known from ONP, which constitutes 53% of the Polish species. The most numerous and most frequently found species include Lithobius mutabilis L. Koch, Lithobius burzenlandicus Verhoeff, and Strigamia acuminata (Leach). The most interesting species is the commonly found Carpathian endemic animal L. burzenlandicus. Due to the aforementioned species, the communities of ONP centipedes are of mountainous character.
Forests featuring the greatest diversity of centipede species include beech, hornbeam, and alder forests, while the smallest number of Chilopoda inhabit fir and pine forests of ONP.
The study presents a comparison, an update, and a review of the previous data from ONP. Featuring great diversity of habitats, ONP – from the myriapodological perspective – is a Polish region of exceptional value.