Changes in Grassland and Their Impact on Milk Production in Poland in the Context of Environmental Protection
Piotr Bórawski 1  
,   Wojciech Gotkiewicz 1  
,   Aneta Bełdycka-Bórawska 1  
,   Elżbieta Jadwiga Szymańska 2  
,   Agnieszka Brelik 3  
,   Jayson K Harper 4  
,   James W Dunn 4  
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University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Faculty of Land Management and Agriculture, Department of Agrotechnology, Agricultural Production Management and Agribusiness, Olsztyn, Poland
Warsaw University of Life Science-SGGW, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Department of Logistics, Warsaw, Poland
West Pomerania University in Szczecin
Pennsylvania State University, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Agricultural Economics, Sociology, and Education, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
Piotr Bórawski   

Uniwersity of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, 10-957 Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland
Submission date: 2019-04-25
Final revision date: 2019-06-08
Acceptance date: 2019-06-14
Online publication date: 2020-01-17
Publication date: 2020-02-13
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2020;29(2):1567–1578
The objective of our paper was to present changes in grassland in Poland and their impact on milk production in Polish agriculture. This topic is very important because Poland increased its milk production after integration into the European Union. At the same time, the area of grassland decreased. This caused the appearance of some environmental problems. More land became devoted to other usage such as roads and business. During 2007-2017 the area of permanent meadows in Poland (-3,8%), and pastures (-4,8%) decreased. In 2005-2017, although cow numbers decreased 25,8%, milk production increased 11,83% and milk yield per cow increased 50,2%. The changes in milk production caused concentration of this production mainly in three woivodeships in Poland: Podlaskie, Mazowieckie and Wielkopolskie. The situation in the milk market was created by many factors, among which elimination of the quota system is very important. This led to more milk production but allowed farmers to increase exploitation of grasslands.