Characteristics of Phosphorus Loss from the Weathered Granite Slopes of Southeast China
Longzhou Deng 1  
Kai Fei 1  
Tianyu Sun 1  
Liping Zhang 1  
Xiaojuan Fan 1  
Yanhong Wu 1  
Liang Ni 2  
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College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University; Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Agricultural Resources and Environment, Hangzhou, China
Agricultural Experiment Station, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
Liping Zhang   

College of environmental and resource sciences, Zhejiang University, 310058, Hangzhou, China
Online publication date: 2020-02-07
Publication date: 2020-03-31
Submission date: 2019-04-25
Final revision date: 2019-07-17
Acceptance date: 2019-07-23
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2020;29(3):2139–2150
The method of artificial rainfall simulation was applied to study the effects of different slope gradients (8°, 15°) and rainfall intensities (1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 mm/min) on the pathways of phosphorus (P) loss from the weathered granite slopes of southeast China. The results showed that the runoff yield increased with runoff time while the sediment yield first increased and then decreased. The subsurface flow showed a changing trend of single-peak curve with maximums appearing under the rainfall intensity of 1.5 mm/min. The P loss amount increased with increasing rainfall intensity and slope gradient and was mainly carried away by eroded sediment that accounted for 54.23-95.62%. The mass concentrations of TP, DP and PP in runoff decreased with runoff time. The P lost via runoff from the sloping land was mainly in the form of DP, most of which reached more than 50%. Surface flow was the dominant pathway of P loss via runoff and it presented a positive power correlation with rainfall intensity (R2 >0.982). It was necessary to attach great importance to P loss via subsurface flow, though the total loss amount was small compared to that via surface flow and sediment.