How Location Shapes Environmental Awareness Among Inhabitants of Eastern Poland – An Empirical Study
Wiesław Piekarski1, Monika Stoma1, Agnieszka Dudziak1, Dariusz Andrejko2, Beata Ślaska-Grzywna2
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1University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Department of Power Engineering and Transportation,
Głęboka 28, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
2University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Department of Biological Bases of Food and Feed Technologies
Głęboka 28, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
Submission date: 2015-02-09
Final revision date: 2015-11-16
Acceptance date: 2015-11-24
Publication date: 2016-03-17
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2016;25(2):733-740
Environmental awareness and its perception by humans is not an entirely clear issue, and the extent to which problems related to ecology and environmental protection are recognized raises many doubts. Our paper presents fi ndings obtained from the authors’ own questionnaire made up of 46 statements carrying positive connotations. A fi ve-level Likert scale was applied to evaluate statements; respondents were asked to specify which level on the scale best corresponded with their view on each statement. In order to identify variables differentiating between specifi c groups of respondents, the data gathered from questionnaires was subject to a type of statistical analysis called discriminant function analysis. The aim of the study was to analyse links between the place of living and evaluation of the natural environment, certain factors affecting environmental awareness, and willingness to undertake environment-friendly actions by people living in Eastern Poland. The discriminant function analysis enabled categorization of opinions and attitudes of the respondents according to their place of living, indicating that their diversifi ed nature results from the place they inhabit. The analysis revealed that a grouping variable used to categorize places of living has statistically signifi cant discriminatory power. Inhabitants of large cities are interested in the subject of environmental protection, but they pay less attention to other aspects of “environmental awareness” than people living in small towns or in the countryside, which is largely attributable to their close contact with nature.
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