Community-Centric Carbon Reduction Initiatives and Their Impact on Grid Emission Factors: A Case Study in Kazakhstan
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L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Satpayev Str. 2, Astana 010000, Kazakhstan
International Expert in Energy Sector, Kazakhstan
School of Engineering And Digital Sciences of Nazarbayev University, Kazakhstan
The head of the greenhouse gases inventory department, Zhasyl Damu JSC
Department of Management and Engineering in the field of environmental protection, L.N. Gumilyov Eura-sian National University, Satpayev Str. 2, Astana 010000, Kazakhstan
Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, The University of Dodoma, P. O. Box 259, Dodoma, Tanzania
Submission date: 2023-07-03
Final revision date: 2023-11-17
Acceptance date: 2024-01-06
Online publication date: 2024-04-02
Publication date: 2024-04-18
Corresponding author
Marat Kozhikov   

L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Satpayev Str. 2, Astana 010000, Kazakhstan
Timoth Mkilima   

Civil Engineering, L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Sapatayev 2, 010001, Nur Sultan, Kazakhstan
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2024;33(4):3721-3731
This study investigated how local communities in Kazakhstan perceive, engage with, and potentially influence the adoption of carbon dioxide utilization technologies in their regions. Assess the impact of community-led initiatives on grid emission factors. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with community members residing in regions characterized by substantial carbon emissions or high energy consumption. These interviews delved into their levels of awareness, attitudes, and willingness to engage in local carbon reduction initiatives through the utilization of carbon dioxide. Furthermore, community workshops and focus group discussions were organized to facilitate community participation, foster dialogue about potential carbon utilization projects and enabling the collection of their ideas and concerns. Additionally, in-depth case studies were undertaken by selecting specific communities (Astana and Almaty), allowing for a comprehensive examination of ongoing local initiatives related to carbon utilization. These initiatives encompassed a wide array of community-led projects, collaborations with local industries, and grassroots innovations, providing valuable insights into community-driven solutions for carbon reduction. The survey results revealed that respondents strongly agree that communities face significant challenges in implementing carbon reduction initiatives, with concerns about funding and pessimism about the opportunities for success. However, there was optimism about the role of technological advancements in enhancing carbon reduction efforts. Also the survey showed that there is a strong consensus on the importance of community engagement in reducing grid emission factors, with a belief in the influence of active community participation. Public awareness and education are also considered key to enhancing community involvement. Confidence in community collaboration varies, with mixed levels of certainty about its effectiveness in achieving more sustainable grid emission reduction solutions.
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