ORIGINAL RESEARCH
How Red Mud-Induced Enhancement of Iron Plaque Formation Reduces Cadmium Accumulation in Rice with Different Radial Oxygen Loss
Zhiyan Liu1, Junxing Yang2, Xiaoming Wan2, Yisheng Peng3, Jie Liu4, Xuedong Wang5, Min Zeng6
 
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1School of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
2Center for Environmental Remediation, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research,
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
4The Beijing Key Laboratory of New Technology in Agricultural Application, Department of Agricultural Resource
and Environment, Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing 100206, China
5College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, P. R. China
6Biotechnology and Germplasm Resources Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Kunming, China
Publish date: 2016-07-22
Submission date: 2015-12-28
Final revision date: 2016-03-21
Acceptance date: 2016-03-21
 
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2016;25(4):1603–1613
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ABSTRACT
In situ stabilization of cadmium (Cd) in soil by the addition of Fe-rich amendments (e.g., red mud or RM) has been suggested as an effective and low-cost method. A combined soil-sand pot experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of the addition of RM on iron plaque formation and Cd accumulation in rice plants. Two experiments were conducted:
1. A hydroponic trial with 20 cultivars for screening the rice cultivars with different radial oxygen loss (ROL).
2. A rhizobag trial using the three selected rice cultivars (Zheyou12, Qianyou 1, Chunjiangnuo 2) with different ROL at 2 and 5 mg Cd kg-1 exposures amended by three rates of RM application (0, 0.5%, 1%).
The results indicated that the three rice cultivars with different ROLs on average showed better growth performance, less Cd uptake, and more iron (Fe) plaque on root surface and in the rhizosphere under RM treatments. In addition, the rice cultivar with higher ROL tended to have higher Fe plaque and Cd adsorption on the roots and in their rhizosphere with increasing RM additions. These results suggested that rice plants (especially high ROL-ability cultivars) amended by Fe-rich amendments tend to possess a high ability to increase Fe plaque on root surface and in the rhizosphere, as well as decrease Cd uptake and translocate from root to grain.
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