Metal Accumulation and Effect of Vitamin C and E in Accumulated Heavy Metals in Different Tissues in Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Treated with Heavy Metals
Hazbije Sahiti 1  
,   Kemajl Bislimi 1  
,   Agim Rexhepi 2  
,   Enis Dalo 1  
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Faculty of Matematical and Natural Sciences, University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”, Prishtina, Kosovo
Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary, University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”, Prishtina, Kosovo
Kemajl Bislimi   

Biology, University of Prishtina "Hasan Prishtina", Faculty of Mathematical and Natural Sciences, Nena Tereze p.n., 10000, Prishtine, Albania
Submission date: 2018-10-28
Final revision date: 2019-01-05
Acceptance date: 2019-01-24
Online publication date: 2019-09-09
Publication date: 2019-12-09
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2020;29(1):799–805
The aim of our current research was to study the effects of Vitamins C and E separately and jointly in reducing the amount of accumulated heavy metals in different tissues of common carp exposed to heavy metals. After acclimatization the fish were divided into two groups: the control group and the group subjected to heavy metal exposure. The fish were exposed to a mixture of heavy metals containing: lead acetate 0.3 mg/l, cadmium chloride 0.4 mg/l and mercuric chloride 0.001 mg/l. After exposure, there was a significant increase (p<0.01) in metal accumulation in fish tissues compared with the control group. Exposed fish were then divided into three groups: one received only vitamin C, the other only vitamin E and last group received a combination of vitamins C and E. Based on the present results, the order of accumulated heavy metals in investigated tissues of all groups is gills> liver> muscles> plasma. Supplementation of vitamins C and E either alone or jointly had significantly decreased (p<0.01; p<0.05) levels of accumulated heavy metals in investigated tissues compared to the control and exposed groups. Supplementation of vitamin C and E jointly showed more chelating ability compared with the effect of vitamins C and E, separately.