REVIEW PAPER
Occurrence and Exposure to Lead and Cadmium and Their Environmental Influence on Eyesight
Kamil H. Nelke1, Małgorzata Mulak2, Klaudiusz Łuczak1, Wojciech Pawlak1, Jan Nienartowicz1, Dorota Szumny2,3, Monika Kochman4, Hanna Gerber1
 
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1Department of Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Borowska 213, 50-556 Wroclaw
2Department of Ophthalmology, Borowska 213, 50-556 Wroclaw
3Department of Pharmacology, Mikulicza-Radeckiego 2, 50-345 Wroclaw
4Department of Otolaryngology, Surgery of Head and Neck, Borowska 213, 50-556 Wroclaw
Wroclaw Medical University, Poland
Publish date: 2015-07-27
Submission date: 2015-02-10
Final revision date: 2015-03-04
Acceptance date: 2015-03-05
 
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2015;24(4):1491–1496
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ABSTRACT
Nowadays heavy metals in the environment and everyday life are very common. Their usage and influence in industry is essential. Quite often not only the environment but also general human health might be impacted by their use and presence. Metal poisoning and its effect on living structures and tissues impacts their condition. The environment and every living species in it are heavily vulnerable to any heavy metal exposure and might lead to catastrophic natural disasters. In humans skin irritations and general diseases are not so common, but they do appear, and everyone should be aware of this. In this paper we focus on a very special topic related to heavy metal exposure to eyesight and their influence on this important organ. Lead and cadmium are the most common heavy metals used almost everywhere.
eISSN:2083-5906
ISSN:1230-1485