Urban Sprawl and its Impact on Soil and Plant Species in Peshawar, Pakistan
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School of Life Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
Department of Botany, Islamia college Peshawar, Pakistan
School of Ecology and Environmental Science, Yunnan University, Kunming, Yunnan, P.R. China
Department of Statistics, Yunnan University, Kunming, China
Department of Botany, Bacha Khan University Charsadda, Pakistan
Department of Biosciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan
Department of Botany, Qurtuba University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
Department of Botany, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Pakistan
Submission date: 2018-02-21
Final revision date: 2018-05-20
Acceptance date: 2018-05-29
Online publication date: 2019-01-18
Publication date: 2019-03-01
Corresponding author
Muhammad Shuaib   

School of Ecology and Environmental Science, Yunnan University, NO.2 North Cuihu road, Kunming, Yunnan, 650091, PR. China, School of Ecology and Environmental Science, Yunnan University, NO.2 North Cuihu road, Kunming, Yunn, 650091 Kunming, China
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2019;28(4):2041-2048
The current paper aims to highlight: 1) Major problems due to urbanization, including land cutting, erosion, overgrazing, biodiversity loss, and climate change. 2) The impact of grazing on plant community structure and ecosystem functioning. 3) Management and conservation of natural ecosystems in Sheikh Muhammdi Peshawar. For the current work, three different sites (Zones 1, 11, 111) were selected in the local area. The populations of the local area have increased very rapidly in the last 40 to 50 years. Anthropogenic activities associated with population and industrialization in the district, with vegetation clear for developing of towns and roads, has resulted in the substitution of vegetations with the dark color surface, the temperature of the environments much higher than before, leading to the phenomenon of the urban heat island effect. This urbanization and construction work at Amman plots Sheikh Muhammadi Peshawar is causing the extinction of vegetation and there would be no more wild vegetation in the near future in that particular area.
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