Vicious Cycle of Economic Growth, PM2.5 and COVID-19: Evidence from G7 Countries
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Department of Economy, University of Kocaeli, 41001, Kocaeli, Turkey
Rıdvan Karacan   

Economy, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey
Submission date: 2021-09-21
Final revision date: 2022-01-24
Acceptance date: 2022-01-27
Online publication date: 2022-05-16
Publication date: 2022-06-20
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2022;31(4):3141–3152
Developed countries with high use of fossil fuels in production can harm the environment by contributing more to the formation of greenhouse gases on a global scale. Air pollution is expected to increase the number of COVID-19 cases in G7 countries with significant industrial output. The aim of the study is to reveal the awareness of the role of air pollution due to traditional industrial production which caused the spread of the epidemic, both on economic growth and its role in the spread of the epidemic. Research is based on monthly data covering the period 2019:12-2021:7. The empirical analysis has been utilized for the panel cointegration test and the dynamic causality analysis. Particles classified as PM2.5 have been utilized as air pollution indicators. Health expenses, in order to control general trends on economic growth and pollution, were also included in the study. The findings of this study indicate that PM2.5 particle ratios and COVID-19 cases are increasing while economic growth is taking place in the G7 countries. If these data are associated with the use of fossil fuels in industries, they will contribute to the creation of public policies that encourage a new generation of energy sources in production.