Mapping Analysis for Vulnerable Areas and Erosion Rate of Laut Tawar Lake, Peusangan Watershed
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Environmental and Natural Resources Management Master Program, Al Muslim University, Bireuen, Aceh, Indonesia
Civil Engineering Study Program, Al Muslim University, Bireuen, Aceh, 24211, Indonesia
Agriculture Industrial and Technology Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Almuslim University, Bireuen, Aceh, Indonesia
Soil Science Study Program, Khairun University, Ternate, Indonesia
Research Center for Climate and Atmosphere, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia
Submission date: 2022-12-13
Final revision date: 2023-03-31
Acceptance date: 2023-04-21
Online publication date: 2023-06-09
Publication date: 2023-07-21
Corresponding author
Cut Azizah   

Environmental and Natural Resources Management Master Program, Al Muslim University, Kampus Ampon Chiek Peusangan, 24267, Bireuen, Aceh, Indonesia
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2023;32(4):3617-3626
Having an area of approximately 57,8 km2, a perimeter of 46,12 km, and a water catchment area of about 246,5 km2, Laut Tawar Lake has undergone siltation which was allegedly caused by soil erosion from the water catchment area, leading to sedimentation of water bodies. This study aims to map vulnerable areas and calculate the erosion rate of the Laut Tawar Lake for the purpose of providing information on the spatial layout and development design of the lake water catchment area. We use remote sensing and geographical information system to map areas vulnerable to erosion. For analyzing the potential erosion rate, we adopt the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) approach. Our result showed erosion rate occurred in the Laut Tawar Lake ranged from very low to very high. In addition, erosion is also sparsely distributed in Laut Tawar Lake. The high erosivity index, domination of area more than 45% slope, and land use change from forest to the agricultural area in the study area become the main driver of the erosion. Analysis of the potential erosion rate of Lake Laut Tawar shows an increase from 1990 to 2019. Erosion was 12.4 tonnes/ha/year in 1990, 11.0 tonnes/ha/year in 2000, 14.6 tonnes/ha/year in 2009, and 27.4 tonnes/ha/year in 2019. The spatial distribution of erosion shows an increasing trend from year to year. The results of the overlay with villages in lake catchments show that 66 percent of villages are in the high and very high categories in the last year. The study suggested conservation through revegetation using local species as the best solution for the erosion issue in the lake cliff area. The vegetation also plays a crucial role as a soil cover that protects the soil from rainfall kinetic energy that led to erosion.
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