Characterization of Phosphorus in Fresh and Composted Manures of Different Livestock
Faridullah Faridullah1, Sahira Hafeez1, Toqeer Ahmed2, Sadia Alam3, Alia Naz4, Wisal Shah4, Salma Khalid5
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1Department of Environmental Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology,
Abbottabad-campus, Abbottabad-22060, Pakistan)
2Centre for Climate Research and Development, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology,
Park Road, Chak Shahzad, Islamabad-45550, Pakistan
3Department of Microbiology, University of Haripur, Haripur- 22120, KP, Pakistan
4Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Haripur, Haripur- 22120, KP, Pakistan
5Environmental Protection and Health Research Unit, Prime Institute of Public Health,
Peshawar-25120, Pakistan
Submission date: 2016-11-29
Final revision date: 2017-01-23
Acceptance date: 2017-02-08
Online publication date: 2017-12-28
Publication date: 2018-01-26
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2018;27(2):615–622
The characterization of phosphorous (P) from animal manure is important for sustainable nutrient management. P fractions in fresh and composted animal manure was compared for the release of phosphorous fraction to determine heavy metals (Fe, Zn, Mn, Ni, and Hg). Composted and fresh animal manure were collected from four different sources: buffalo (BF), cow (CW), goat (GT), and poultry (PL). The P fraction was determined by using the Hadley sequential fractionation method. The P was step-wise fractionated into water-soluble extracted P (H2O-P), plant available (NaHCO3-P), Al associated (NaOH-P), and Ca associated (HCl-P). The overall P fractions extracted by reagents varied in the order HCl > NaOH > NaHCO3 > H2O. The metal concentration varied as follows: Fe > Hg > Mn > Zn > Ni. The highest P content was found in composted PL manure whereas the minimum was observed in fresh PL. Consequently, the composed animal manure could be an economical P source to be used as fertilizer.