Impact of Climate Change on Infectious Diseases
Tomasz Mirski, Michał Bartoszcze, Agata Bielawska-Drózd
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Biological Threat Identification and Countermeasure Centre of the Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology,
Lubelska 2, 24-100 Puławy, Poland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2012;21(3):525–532
Global climate change is a common phenomenon today. It is mainly caused by increasing greenhouse gas emissions. It has been proven that global climate change affect the emergence and spread of infectious diseases. This applies to both climate change as a whole, as well as individual factors such as temperature, rainfall, humidity, etc. These changes may directly impact the pathogen, and indirectly the vectors of these pathogens. They can also affect the resistance of humans and animals. The association between the emergence of infectious disease outbreaks and global climate change was also shown. This problem should be taken seriously when considering the development of effective prevention programs.