Soil Microbial Functional Diversity Responses to Different Revegetation Types in Baishilazi Nature Reserve
Jiaojiao Deng 1, 2  
,   Yongbin Zhou 1, 2, 3  
,   Xuejiao Bai 1, 3  
,   Jiyao Luo 4  
,   You Yin 1, 3  
,   Wenxu Zhu 1, 3  
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College of Forestry, Shenyang Agriculture University, Shenyang, China
College of Land and Environment, Shenyang Agriculture University, Shenyang, China
Research Station of Liaohe-River Plain Forest Ecosystem, Chinese Forest Ecosystem Research Network (CFERN), Shenyang Agricultural University, Changtu, China
Liaoning Baishi Lazi National Nature Reserve Administration, Dandong, China
Wenxu Zhu   

College of Foresty, Shenyang Agriculture University, No.120,Dongling Road, Shenhe District, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province,China, zhuwenxu.315@163.com Shenyang, China
Submission date: 2018-09-01
Final revision date: 2018-10-10
Acceptance date: 2018-10-21
Online publication date: 2019-05-14
Publication date: 2019-07-08
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2019;28(5):3675–3686
Soil microorganisms play important roles in the dynamic regulation of organic matter in the forest ecosystem and are affected by different revegetation types. To reveal the influence of different revegetation types on soil microorganisms, we examined soil properties, soil microbial activity and diversity in Baishilazi Nature Reserve, including two planted coniferous forests (LG: Larix gmelinii, PK: Pinus koraiensis), two natural secondary broadleaf forests (JM: Juglans mandshurica, QM: Quercus mongolica), and one conifer-broadleaf forest (CB). Biolog-Eco plates were used to study soil microbial functional diversity. We found that the content of soil total C and total N existed higher under the broadleaf forests (JM, QM) than conifer-broadleaf forest (CB) and coniferous forests (LG, PK). Carbon source utilization capacity and soil microbial activity showed significant variations among different revegetation types. Soil microbial activity of natural secondary forests was significantly higher than planted coniferous forests, and JM created the highest soil microbial activity. Heatmap and PCA plot clearly differentiated among the different samples. The broadleaf forests, conifer-broadleaf forest and coniferous forests were well separated from each other, especially along the PC1, and the position of conifer-broadleaf forest was intermediate. The findings of canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) suggested that soil total C and total N were the main factors affecting soil microbial functional diversity. This study investigated how shifts in soil microbial functional diversity affected by different revegetation types were operational indicators of soil quality in Baishilazi Nature Reserve and that the JM created the highest carbon source utilization soil microbial diversity.