The Influence of House Plants on Indoor CO2
Hakan Sevik1, Mehmet Cetin2, Kerim Guney3, Nur Belkayali2
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1Kastamonu University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Environmental Engineering, 37150, Kastamonu, Turkey
2Kastamonu University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Landscape Architecture, 37150, Kastamonu, Turkey
3Kastamonu University, Faculty of Forestry, Department of Forest Engineering, 37150, Kastamonu, Turkey
Online publish date: 2017-06-19
Publish date: 2017-07-25
Submission date: 2016-12-13
Final revision date: 2017-01-30
Acceptance date: 2017-02-08
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2017;26(4):1643–1651
This study aimed at determining the effect of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the internal environment of different indoor plants. Spathiphyllum (Spathiphyllum floribundum Schott), Yucca (Yucca elephantipes Regel), Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia amoena Gentil), and Ficus (Ficus benjamina L.) are frequently used in studies of indoor plants that examine light temperature depending on leaf surface and the effects of CO2 in the studied environment. As a result, decreases in CO2 were at the highest level in Ficus, and Dieffenbachia at 25ºC, followed by Spathiphyllum at 25ºC and Yucca at 20ºC. The amount of photosynthesis increased the leaf surface. For this reason, they reduced the amount of CO2 by increasing the amount of photosynthesis. The plant leaf surface was standardized, and calculations were made to meet the objective and the amount of CO2 in the local environment. Based on these calculations, it was determined that the greatest reduction of CO2 comes from the Ficus plant. In conclusion, the same layer as the surface are 1 m2 leaf surface from Ficus benjamina on 1 m3 without air vent in which the amount of CO2 in one hour could be reduced to about the level from 2,000 ppm at 25ºC 480.74 ppm and 408.08 ppm at 20ºC.