Analysis on the Change of Ecosystem Service Value of National Forest Park and Its Coupling with Social Economy in the Past 40 Years
Lixia Zhao 3,4,5
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College of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, China
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing, China
East China Sea Environment Monitoring Center, State Oceanic Administration, Shanghai, 201206, China
Key Laboratory of Marine Ecological Monitoring and Restoration Technology, MNR, 201206, China
Key Laboratory of Ocean Space Resource Management Technology, MNR, Hangzhou, 310012, China
Submission date: 2021-05-06
Final revision date: 2021-07-18
Acceptance date: 2021-08-30
Online publication date: 2021-12-30
Publication date: 2022-02-16
Corresponding author
Mei Huang   

Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, China
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2022;31(2):1377-1387
National Forest Park is the highest hierarchy of nature reserve system in China, which provides enormous ecosystem service values (ESV). However, few researchers focus on its coupling with socioeconomics. Here we analyze temporal and spatial variation of ecosystem service value of National Forest Parks (FESV) under the transformation of forest policy and market demand at national scale, and spatial dynamics of coupling coordination degree between FESV and socio-economics at different stage. The results show that temporal variation of FESV exhibit obvious phase characteristics, with the third phase has the largest growth rate (50.71). The spatial evolution of FESV has gone through a process from point to area, mainly showing aggregation distribution concentrated in Heilongjiang, Sichuan and Tibet, accounting for 32.08% of nationwide total ESV. The coupling coordination degree between FESV and socio-economic develop from maladjusted to transitional and then to coordinated stage, which has reached 0.83 at the fourth stage. By the end of the fourth stage, up to 20 provinces develop over transitional stage, but 17 provinces are still at maladjusted stage. These results indicate that further research and management should focus on how to balance socio-economic development and the construction of National Forest Parks.
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