A System Dynamics Approach to Eco-Industry System Effects and Trends
Huilu Yu 1,2,   Suocheng Dong 1,   Fei Li 1  
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Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
College of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Ludong University, Yantai, China
Fei Li   

Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 11A Datun Road, 100101 Beijing, China
Submission date: 2017-09-07
Final revision date: 2018-03-18
Acceptance date: 2018-03-25
Online publication date: 2018-11-16
Publication date: 2019-01-28
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2019;28(3):1469–1482
Ecological industry can be thought of as a move toward sustainable development while reducing waste and avoiding pollution, especially in resource-based cities. This study presents a system dynamics approach to analyzing the environmental and economic effects of the eco-industry system by simulating long-term trends. Focusing on West China’s typical coal-based city of Huinong, a system dynamics model named industry-effect-policy system dynamics (IEP-SD) has been designed to evaluate the integrated effects of the industrial system. The simulation results indicate progressive environmental and economic benefits of the eco-industry system, along with prospective economic growth. In addition, the model identifies some defects and disadvantages of western China’s typical industry system, such as the extensive increase of local policy-preferential industrial sectors, limited and torpid development of other industries, and a certain level of industrial structure instability. An industrial structure coordination option is finally offered and then proved by the model to balance local environmental and economic effects.