ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Consumption and Territory Based CO2 Emissions, Renewable Energy Consumption, Exports and Imports Nexus in South America: Spatial Analyses
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Finance, College of Business Administration, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, 173 Alkharj 11942, Saudi Arabia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Haider Mahmood   

Department of Finance, College of Business Administration, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, 173 Alkharj 11942, 173, Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia
Submission date: 2021-05-02
Final revision date: 2021-07-16
Acceptance date: 2021-08-16
Online publication date: 2022-01-04
Publication date: 2022-02-16
 
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2022;31(2):1183–1191
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The present research investigates the environmental effects of trade, Renewable Energy Consumption (REC), and industry value-added in South America, doing spatial analyses from 1990-2018. The income per capita has a positive effect on the local CO2 emissions. Further, it has negative environmental spillovers in neighboring countries regarding consumption-based CO2 emissions but not in terms of territory-based CO2 emissions. Exports have negative and positive effects on consumption and territory-based CO2 emissions, respectively. Moreover, exports carry positive environmental spillovers in neighboring countries in case of both consumption and territory-based CO2 emissions. Imports have a positive effect on consumption-based CO2 emissions but could not affect territory-based CO2 emissions. Industry value-added has negative environmental spillovers in the case of consumptionbased CO2 emissions. REC helps to reduce consumption and territory-based CO2 emissions in both local and neighboring countries.
eISSN:2083-5906
ISSN:1230-1485