Effects of Soil Moisture on Surface Radiation Balance and Water-Heat Flux in Desert Steppe Environment of Inner Mongolia
Chang Yaowen 1, 2  
,   Zhang Lixing 1  
,   Ding Jing 1  
,   Wu Xueqin 1  
,   Liu Xiaoxi 1  
,   Xie Yunhu 3  
,   Gao Wenbang 4  
,   Hai Chunxing 1  
,   Zhang Ruiqiang 2  
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College of Geographical Science, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022, Inner Mongolia, China
The Institute of Water Resources for Pastoral Areas, Hohhot 010020, Inner Mongolia, China
College of Desert Control Science and Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010018, China
Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Zhang Ruiqiang   

The Institute of Water Resources for Pastoral Areas, China
Submission date: 2020-03-15
Final revision date: 2020-08-28
Acceptance date: 2020-08-30
Online publication date: 2020-12-11
Publication date: 2021-02-05
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2021;30(2):1881–1891
The response of surface radiation and water-heat flux to soil moisture is a critical mechanism in drought, desertification and other effects of climate change. This study analyzed soil moisture data and four-component radiation data during the summers (June, July and August) from 2010 to 2018 in a desert steppe environment of Inner Mongolia. The influence of soil moisture on the radiation flux and water-heat flux under dry, intermediate and wet conditions were quantified through correlation analysis. Radiation and water-heat fluxes showed obvious diurnal changes under different soil moisture conditions. Net longwave radiation and soil heat flux showed the largest differences in diurnal variation followed by net surface radiation, total flux and albedo. Net radiation, net longwave radiation, surface received longwave radiation, soil heat flux and total flux all increased with increasing soil moisture, while surface reflection ability decreased. Soil moisture during wet intervals (16.57-28%) showed a stronger correlation with fluxes than dry and intermediate intervals (9.78-16.46%). This indicates that soil moisture exerts a stronger influence on surface flux under moist conditions. Soil moisture showed a negative correlation with surface reflecting longwave radiation (P<0.01) and a positive correlation with net longwave radiation, net surface radiation and total flux (P<0.01). The research shows that soil moisture interacts with the atmospheric system through its influence on total flux (sensible heat and latent heat) and surface net radiation.