ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Study on Recent Trends of Climate Variability Using Innovative Trend Analysis: The Case of the upper Huai River Basin
Abel Girma 1, 2  
,  
Tianlin Qin 3  
,  
Hao Wang 1, 3, 4  
,  
Denghua Yan 1, 3, 4  
,  
Mohammed Gedefaw 1, 2  
,  
Asaminew Abiyu 1  
,  
 
 
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1
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai, China
2
Department of Natural Resource Management, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
3
State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research (IWHR), Beijing, China
4
Water Resources Department, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research (IWHR), Beijing, China
5
Department of Environment and Forest Engineering, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Asaminew Abiyu   

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai, China
Online publication date: 2020-02-07
Submission date: 2018-09-23
Final revision date: 2018-12-18
Acceptance date: 2019-01-29
 
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ABSTRACT
The upper part of the Huai River basin is spatially extensive, with pronounced environmental gradients driven primarily by precipitation and temperature on broad scales. Therefore, it is an ideal region in which to examine the climate dynamics of the region. This study investigates the annual precipitation and temperature time serious variability, at six designated representative stations, by using the innovative trend analysis method (ITA), Mann-Kendall (MK) and Sen’s slope test estimator. The result showed that the trend of annual precipitation was slightly decreasing in Xiangcheng (Z = -2.04), Zhumadian ( Z= -0.43), Gushi (Z = 0.26), Xinyang (Z = -2.22), and Xichong (Z = -0.59) stations. Increasing trend was observed only in Fuyang station (Z = -0.97). Summer is characterized by high temperature and its major rain season in the study area, which contributes about 49.3% of total rainfall. In all stations the trend of annual temperature in Xiangcheng (Z = 6.72), Zhumadian (Z = 7.04), Gushi (Z = 6.96), Fuyang (Z = 7.07), Xinyang (Z = 7.04) and Xichong (Z = 2.85) sharply increased. The average air temperature has significantly increased by 1.2ºC during the past 56 years. The ITA was found to be reliable and consistent as MK and Sen’s slope test estimators for the study region. Furthermore, ITA can present the data in graphical format for better understanding of the results through detecting a sub trend series. Therefore, this study can be an inordinate resource to other researchers for studying climate variability and their impacts to eco-hydrology using the ITA method.
eISSN:2083-5906
ISSN:1230-1485