ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Changes in Grassland and Their Impact on Milk Production in Poland in the Context of Environmental Protection
 
More details
Hide details
1
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Faculty of Land Management and Agriculture, Department of Agrotechnology, Agricultural Production Management and Agribusiness, Olsztyn, Poland
2
Warsaw University of Life Science-SGGW, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Department of Logistics, Warsaw, Poland
3
West Pomerania University in Szczecin
4
Pennsylvania State University, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Agricultural Economics, Sociology, and Education, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Piotr Bórawski   

Uniwersity of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, 10-957 Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland
Online publication date: 2020-01-17
Publication date: 2020-02-13
Submission date: 2019-04-25
Final revision date: 2019-06-08
Acceptance date: 2019-06-14
 
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2020;29(2):1567–1578
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The objective of our paper was to present changes in grassland in Poland and their impact on milk production in Polish agriculture. This topic is very important because Poland increased its milk production after integration into the European Union. At the same time, the area of grassland decreased. This caused the appearance of some environmental problems. More land became devoted to other usage such as roads and business. During 2007-2017 the area of permanent meadows in Poland (-3,8%), and pastures (-4,8%) decreased. In 2005-2017, although cow numbers decreased 25,8%, milk production increased 11,83% and milk yield per cow increased 50,2%. The changes in milk production caused concentration of this production mainly in three woivodeships in Poland: Podlaskie, Mazowieckie and Wielkopolskie. The situation in the milk market was created by many factors, among which elimination of the quota system is very important. This led to more milk production but allowed farmers to increase exploitation of grasslands.
eISSN:2083-5906
ISSN:1230-1485