ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Effects of Cadmium on Seed Germination, Coleoptile Growth, and Root Elongation of Six Pulses
Ling Tao1,2, Meiying Guo1,2, Jun Ren1,2
 
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1School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering, Lanzhou Jiaotong University,
Lanzhou 730070, Lanzhou, 730070, P. R. China
2Engineering Research Center for Cold and Arid Regions Water Resource Comprehensive Utilization,
Ministry of Education, Lanzhou, 730070, P. R. China
Publish date: 2015-02-06
Submission date: 2014-05-05
Final revision date: 2014-08-27
Acceptance date: 2014-09-03
 
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2015;24(1):295–299
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ABSTRACT
The ecotoxicological effects of Cd2+ on germination and early seedling growth of six pulses were investigated. Seeds of these plants were exposed to seven different concentrations of Cd (0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1.6, and 3.2 mM). The results indicated that root and coleoptile growth of six pulse plants were more sensitive than seed germination for measurement of toxic Cd2+ pollution. Different species show different levels of tolerance to Cd2+ pollution. V. angularis and Dumasia villosa are the most sensitive to Cd2+, and their germination percentage, and root and coleoptile growth were significantly lower than other tested species. By contrast, Vigna radiata and Lablab purpureus are the most resistant species, their germination and seedling growth almost were not influenced by Cd2+ pollution significantly compared to control. There were significantly negative correlations between seedling growth and increasing concentrations of Cd2+ for V. angularis. V. angularis and Dumasia villosa are the most sensitive to Cd2+. By contrast, Vigna radiata and Lablab purpureus are the most resistant species.
eISSN:2083-5906
ISSN:1230-1485