The Impact of Hydrogen Peroxide Against Cucumber Green Mottle Mosaic Virus Infection in Watermelon Plants
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Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt
Virology Section, Biology Department, Faculty of Science, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Deya Eldeen Mohammed Radwan   

Botany and Microbiology, Sohag University, Egypt
Submission date: 2019-11-08
Final revision date: 2019-12-13
Acceptance date: 2019-12-15
Online publication date: 2020-04-07
Publication date: 2020-06-08
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2020;29(5):3771–3782
The aim of this work was to study the effects of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) application against cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) infection in watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) plants. From the obtained results, the induced resistance using H2O2 treatments caused a delay in the appearance of CGMMV symptoms in watermelon plants. The viral infection showed abnormal morphological symptoms such as mosaics, yellow blisters and reduction in size. Pretreatment with H2O2 before infection was beneficial in increasing the contents of pigments, total proteins, total free amino acids and proline. Consequently, plants appeared morphologically similar to healthy controls. Signaling the effect of the H2O2 treatment could induce partial resistance or delay the appearance of symptoms and decreased virus concentration. The induced mechanism of resistance was suggested to be through alterations of plant antioxidant status – both enzymatic and non-enzymatic. All analyzed antioxidant enzymes were induced in response to H2O2±CGMMV. Due to the H2O2 application prior to infection, malondialdehyde (MDA) content was reduced, indicating a lowering in lipid peroxidation caused by virus infection. On the other hand, internal H2O2 and phenolics contents were induced in H2O2 + CGMMV-treated leaves. To confirm: total antioxidant activity was increased to be double the value (80.67%) of that recorded in healthy plants (47.18%), indicating changes in antioxidant status as a response to H2O2 and/or CGMMV infection. This work provided evidence of the signaling role of exogenous H2O2, which led to systemic acquired resistance (SAR) induction acting against CGMMV infection in watermelon plants. From the present findings, a suggestion of spraying of H2O2 might be helpful in avoiding the appearance of CGMMV severe symptoms throughout the plants’ life.