Evaluation of Physicochemical Properties and Metallic Contents in Vegetables Irrigated with Water from Different Sources
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Department of Chemistry, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Department of Environmental Science, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Department of Biotechnology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan
Department of Physics, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Department of Environmental Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Sub Campus Vehari, Punjab, Pakistan
Submission date: 2020-01-11
Final revision date: 2020-07-17
Acceptance date: 2020-07-20
Online publication date: 2020-12-10
Publication date: 2021-02-05
Corresponding author
Munawar Iqbal   

NIBGE, Pak, Department of Chemistry, The University of Lahore,, 5400, Lahore, Pakistan
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2021;30(2):1943-1947
This study focuses on the assessment of health risk potential by quantifying some selected metals (Cd, Cr, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, Ni, Pb) in vegetables and soil irrigated with different sources of water. The physicochemical parameters of irrigating water were within the safe limits except for SAR in sewage water (18.723 mg/kg) and industrial wastewater (40.332 mg/kg). The Mn (19 mg/kg) was higher than the safe limit in vegetable and soil irrigated with tube well water. The sewage water irrigated vegetable had high level of cadmium (1.557 mg/kg), lead (2.307 mg/kg) and chromium (3.566 mg/kg) than safe limits. The canal water had high level of cadmium (0.286 mg/kg) and lead (0.569 mg/kg). The vegetable irrigated with tube well water was best for human health while vegetable irrigated with sewage water, canal water, and industrial wastewater was of poor quality and unfit for human health due to high level of toxic metals.
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