ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Assessing the Toxic Potential of Insecticide and Indigenous Botanical Extract against the Stored Grain Pest Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)
 
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1
Department of Biological Sciences, Karakoram International University, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
2
Department of Environmental Sciences, Karakoram International University, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
3
Department of Food and Agriculture Technology, Karakoram International University Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
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Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China
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Department of Behavioral Sciences, Karakoram International University, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Shaukat Ali   

Department of Environmental Sciences Karakoram International University Gilgit-Baltistan 15100, Pakistan, Department of Environmental Sciences, Karakoram International University, 15100-Gilgit-Baltistan, P, 15100 Gilgit, Pakistan
Online publish date: 2018-04-27
Publish date: 2018-05-30
Submission date: 2017-06-15
Final revision date: 2017-10-24
Acceptance date: 2017-10-29
 
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2018;27(5):2377–2383
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ABSTRACT
The current investigation was undertaken to assess the toxic potential of synthetic insecticides (K.Othrin and bio-max) and botanical extracts (Mentha royleana L. and Artemisia absinthium L.) against Tribolium castaneum in the laboratory. Different concentrations of insecticides and botanical extracts were used following complete randomized block design. The results indicated that the toxic effects were directly proportional to concentrations of insecticide and botanical extracts. Higher concentrations had more resilient toxicity than lower concentrations. Among the tested insecticides, Biomax (Chlorpyrifos) showed >90% and K-Othrin (Deltamethrin) <80% mean toxic effect at 2% concentrations. In the botanical extract, Mentha royleana toxicity at 5% concentration is > 90% as compared to Artemisia absinthium against T. Castaneum. The results could be helpful in designing an effective management plan for the control of T. castaneum.
eISSN:2083-5906
ISSN:1230-1485