ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Simultaneous Rapid Analysis of Multiple Nitrogen Compounds in Polluted River Treatment Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and a Support Vector Machine
Jian Huang1,2, Xiong Zhang2, Qingye Sun1, Hua Zhang2, Xiaokun Yu2, Zhaoliang Wu2
 
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1School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Anhui University, Hefei, 230601, China
2Anhui Jianzhu University, Key Laboratory of Anhui Province of Water Pollution Control and Wastewater Reuse,
Hefei, 230601, China
Online publish date: 2017-09-11
Publish date: 2017-09-28
Submission date: 2016-10-19
Final revision date: 2017-01-19
Acceptance date: 2017-03-29
 
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2017;26(5):2013–2019
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ABSTRACT
An intermittent aerobic process has been developed to effectively remove nitrogen from polluted rivers. In addition, a chemometric model was developed to achieve simultaneous rapid analysis of total nitrogen, ammonia nitrogen, and nitrite nitrogen based on near-infrared spectroscopy data combined with a support vector machine. An intermittent aeration process showed that total nitrogen decreased from 54.25 mg·L-1 to 0.64 mg·L-1. Ammonia nitrogen decreased significantly in the aeration stage, but increased in the non-aeration stage. Eventually, ammonia nitrogen decreased from 45.04 mg·L-1 to 0.57 mg·L-1. Nitrite nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen increased in the aeration stage, but decreased in the non-aeration stage. The concentration ranges of nitrite nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen were, respectively, 0.05~31.40 mg·L-1 and 0~0.38 mg·L-1. The 138 water samples were collected during the intermittent aeration process, of which 116 samples were used as the calibration set and the remaining 22 samples were used as a test set in modeling. The actual concentration values and the near-infrared spectroscopy data were used as input of the models. Then the corresponding calibration values and predication values were output by the models. All the samples were scanned with near-infrared spectroscopy from 4,000~12,500 cm-1 and measured by chemical methods. Principal component analysis of raw near-infrared spectral data showed that the matrix dimension of spectral data was significantly reduced, which decreased from 2,203×106 to 6×106. Support vector machine models of total nitrogen, ammonia nitrogen, and nitrite nitrogen showed that the calibration correlation coefficient (R2) of calibration values and actual values were, respectively, 0.9561, 0.9661, and 0.9702, with the root mean square error of cross validation (RMSECV) being 0.09372, 0.04749, and 0.03187. The test results of support vector machine models of total nitrogen, ammonia nitrogen, and nitrite nitrogen showed that the predication correlation coefficient (R2) of prediction values and actual values were, respectively, 0.9616, 0.9410, and 0.9284, with the root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) being 0.09420, 0.08227, and 0.06770. This study indicated that nitrogen in a polluted river can be removed through the intermittent aerobic process. Moreover, simultaneous rapid determination of total nitrogen, ammonia nitrogen, and nitrite nitrogen may be achieved with near-infrared spectroscopy and a support vector machine. The results showed that the proposed methods provided effective treatment and detection technology for a polluted river.
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ISSN:1230-1485